It is proposed to conduct a National Seminar on VHSE for bringing to light the various aspects of Vocational Higher Secondary Education and also to find out suitable placement avenues to the VHSE pass out candidates of 42 different vocational courses. In order to achieve maximum result for the proposed programme, the participation of Ministers, senior officers of various departments and heads of public sector undertakings related to the 9 branches of vocational education spread out to the 42 different vocational subjects is highly essential and inevitable. Trivandrum being the capital city of kerala and Head Quarters of all departments and most of the public sector undertakings, it is apt to conduct the Seminar there. Some eminent personalities pertaining to the vocational subjects from outside Kerala may also be invited for the Seminar.
The following table shows branch wise courses and the list of participants to be invited for the Seminar.

Sl.No. Name of branch Name & Address of invites
1. Engineering Technology 1. Minister for Education
2. Minister for Industries.
3. Principal Secretary Higher Education
4 Secretary, General Education.
5. Secretary, Industries.
6. Director, Industries and commerce
6. Director, Technical Education
7. Director, Higher Secondary/ VHSE Edn.
8. DPI
9. Secretary Local & Self Govt.
10. Director, Panchayat
11. Vice Chancellor, Kerala/ Gandhiji
Kochi/ Agricultural
Sreesankaracharya Universities,
12.Kerala State Textile Corporation Ltd
Sasthamangalam, Trivandrum 10.
13. Managing Director, Handicraft Development Corporation
14. Managing Director, Kerala Agro Industries Corporation.
15. Managing Director, Kerala Agro Machinery Corporation
16. Managing Director, Kerala Automobiles Limited.
17. Managing Director, Kerala Construction Corporation Limited.
18. Managing Director, Kerafed, Trivandrum.
19. Managing Director, Kerala Electrical Allied Engineering Corporation.
20. Managing Director, Garments Limited.
21. Managing Director, Brahmas Limited. Trivandrum.
22. Managing Director, Kerala Minerals & Metals.
23. Managing Director, KSEB .
24 Managing Director. KELTRON, Trivandrum.
25. Managing Director, Handloom Development Corporation
26. Managing Director, Kerala State Industrial Enterprises Ltd.
27. Managing Director, KSRTC, TVM.
28. Managing Director, Kerala Small Scale Industries Corporation
29.Managing Director, Malabar Cement Ltd
30. Managing Director, Metal Industries, Ltd
31. Managing Director, Scooters Kerala Ltd.
32. Managing Director, Seetharam Textiles Limited.
33. Managing Director, Steel Industries foreign Ltd.
34. Managing Director, Traco Cable Company Ltd.
35. Managing Director, Transformers & Electrical Ltd.
36. Managing Director, Travancore cements Ltd
37. Managing Director, Titanium Products.
38. Managing Director, Water Authority, Trivandrum.
38.Chief Engineer, General PWD, Trivandrum
39. Director, State Nirmihti Kendra, PTP Nagar, Trivandrum 38.
40. Managing Director, Keltex, PTP Nagar, Trivandrum.
41. Managing Director
Malabar Co-operative Textiles Ltd, Kotala, Kuttippuram, Malappuram
42. Managing Director
Malappuram Co-operative Spinning Mills Ltd PB No. 206, Malappuram.
43. Managing Director
Quilon Co-operative Spining Mills Ltd
Kaaramcode PO, Kollam.
44. Managing Director
Thrissur Co-operative Spinning Mills Ltd
Enkade, Vazhani, Thrissur.
45. Managing Director
Kerala State Co-operative Textile Federation Ltd, Devaswom Board Junction,
Trivandrum - 3.
46. Managing Director.Kerala State Handive Craft apex co-operative Society Ltd, Ernakulam
46. Managing Director, United Electrical Industries
47. Superintendent, Government Presses.
48. Director, Printing & Stationery.
49. All District Panchayath Presidents
50. All Corporation Commissioners.
51. Managing Director
Kerala State Housing Board
52. Managing Director, Infra, Kochi
53. CEO, Technopark
54. CEO, Infopark.
2. Agriculture 1. Minister for Agriculture
2. Agricultural Commissioner
3. Vice Chancellor, Agricultural University
4. Director, Agricultural Department
5. Agricultural Principal Secretary
6. Principal Information Officer, F1B, Kowdiar PO, Trivandrum
7. Managing Director, Coconut Dept Co.
8. Managing Director, Forest Industries Ltd, Aluva, 683106.
9. Managing Director, Forest Co. Ltd, Kottayam.
10. Managing Director, Kerala State Civil Supplies Co. Ltd, Gandhi Nagar, Kochi.
11. Managing Director, Kerala State Sericulture Co Federation Ltd, University.
12. Managing Director, Kerala State Bamboo Co. Ltd, Angamali South, 683573
13. Managing Director, Kerala State Cashew Devp, comp, Kollam.
14. Managing Director, Kerala State Horticultural Forest Devp. Co. Ltd, Poojappura, Trivandrum -12.
15. Managing Director, Oil Palm India Ltd, Kottayam -39.
16. Managing Director, Plantation Co. of Kerala Ltd, Kottayam 14
17. Managing Director, Rehabilitation Plantations Ltd. Punaloor 5
18. Managing Director, State Farming Co. Kerala Ltd, Vettithira PO, Punalur.
19. Chief Executive Officer, State Medicinal Plant Board, Thrissur 1
20. Managing Director, Botanical Garden Palode.
21. Managing Director, Botanical Garden, Olavanna, Kozhikode -14.
3 Animal Husbandry 1. Agricultural Commissioner.
2. Principal Secretary, Agriculture
3. Director, Animal Husbandry Dept.
4. Managing Director, Kerala Livestock Development Board, Pattom, Trivandrum.
5. Registrar, Kerala State Vetenary Council, Trivandrum - 5.
6. Managing Director, Kerala State Poultry Development Co, Pettah, Trivandrum 34.
7. Director, Dairy Development Department
8. Managing Director, Meat Products India Ltd, Koothakulam Ernakulam.
9. Managing Director, Kerala Co-operative Milk Marketing Federation Ltd, Milma Bhavan, Trivandrum
4. Fisheries 1. Minister for Fisheries
2. Secretary Fisheries
3. Director, Fisheries
4. Managing Director, Matsyafed
5. Managing Director, Kerala State Marine Co-operation Ltd, Kochi 682016
5. Paramedical 1. Minister for Health
2. Principal Secretary, Health
3. Director, Medical Education
4. Director, Indian Systems of Medicine
5. Director, Homeopathy
6. Principal, Ayurveda College, Trivandrum, Tripunithura, Kannur
7. Director,Sreethithra Tirunal Medical Centre, Trivandrum
8. Director, Regional Cancer Centre, Trivandrum.
9. Director, Amritha Institute of Medical Science, Ernakulam.
10. Principal, Govt, Medical College, Trivandrum, Kottayam,Alapuzha, Thrissur, Kozhikode..
11. Principal, Pushpagiri Medical College, Thiruvalla.
12. Principal, Karakonam Medical College, Karakonam.
13. Principal, Pankajakasthuri Medical College, Kattakada.
14. Principal, Govt. Dental College, Trivandrum
15. Principal, Govt. Nursing College, Trivandrum, Alapuzha, Thrissur, Kozhikode.
16. Registrar, Kerala Nurses & Midwives council, Trivandrum
17. Director, Radiation Safety Medical College, Kozhikode
18. Registrar, Kerala State Pharmacy Council, Trivandrum
6. Physical Education 1. Director, Sports and Youth Affairs
2. Director, Youth Welfare Board
3. Principal Lekshmibhai College of Physical Education College, Karyavattom, Trivandrum.
4. State Co-ordinator Nehru Yuva Kendra

7. Home Science 1. Minister for Labour
2. Minister, Social Welfare Dept.
3. Principal Secretary, Labour
4. Principal Secretary, Social Welfare Dept, Trivandrum
5. Director, Employment and Training
6. Director, Technical Education.
7 Principal, RVTI, Kazhakuttom, TVM.
8. Principal, Women's Polytechnic, Trivandrum.
Ernakulam, Kozhikde
9. Principal's all Women ITI's
8. Humanities 1. Minister for Toursim
2. Secretary, Tourism Department
3. Director, Tourism Department
4. Managing Director, KTDC
5. Principal, School of Hotel Management, Kovalam.
6.Managing Director, ITDC
7. Kerala Tourism Development Co. Trivandrum.
8.Managing Director, Tourist Resort (Kerala) Ltd, Trivandrum 4.
9. Director, KITTS.
10. Secretary, District Tourism Promotion Council, All Districts (14 nos)
11. Managing Director, Ecotourism, Thenmala, Trivandrum
12. Registrar, Central for Heritage Studies, Hill Palace, Trivandrum
9. Business & Commerce 1. Finance Minister
2. Principal Secretary, Finance
3. Director, Treasuries.
4. Director, National Savings
5. President, Kerala State Co-operative Bank
6. President, All District Co-operative Banks (14)
7. Regional Manager, LIC of India
8. Regional Managers, Other Insurance Companies, New India Insurance, Oriental Insurance, United India Insurance Ltd. etc
9. Regional Managers of all Nationalised Banks
10. Managing Director, Kerala Financial Co-operation.
11. Managing Director, KSFE.
12. Head of departments Commerce (All Universities in Kerala).

Five delegates each in respect of branches1-9 may be invited from other States who are veterans in the fields.

Period of Seminar
Since the inviters are large in number it is not feasible to conduct the programme through one day seminar. Hence it is worthy to split the seminar in to 3 days by grouping together 3 branches in one day conveniently.

Domestic Invitees
Among the participants due weightage shall be given from the department of VHSE. The following personnel may be included as domestic participants.
1. All Assistant Directors - 7
2. Senior Officer of the Directorate -10
3. From among teachers two subject experts each shall be included from one vocational subject - 84.
4. External Experts -2 external professional experts each from each branch can be considered as participants in the programme - 18.

Constitution of a Core Group for preparing Agenda for the Programme

A Core group of 10 members from among experts and administrators may be constituted for preparing detail agenda for the programme.
The employment potential of the VHSE students, possibility of inducting them in various employment sectors against vacancies, apprenticeship etc are to be discussed and finalised by the core group for inclusion in the agenda.

Minutes & Follow up action
The decisions evolved in the seminar shall be prepared as minutes and taken of with Govt/appropriate authorities and follow up action thereon shall be taken under the supervision and guidance of the core group headed by the Director, VHSE.


Chemistry Syllabus

Syllabus for Secondary and Higher Secondary Levels
Higher Secondary Stage is the most crucial stage of school education because at this stage specialised
discipline based, content oriented courses are introduced. Students reach this stage after 10 years of
general education and opt for Chemistry with a purpose of mostly for pursuing their career in basic
sciences or professional courses like medicines, engineering, technology and studying courses in applied
areas of science and technology at tertiary level. Therefore, at this stage, there is a need to provide
learners with sufficient conceptual background of Chemistry, which will make them competent to
meet the challenges of academic and professional courses after the higher secondary stage.
National Curriculum Framework for School Education – 2005 recommends a disciplinary approach
with appropriate rigour and depth with the care that syllabus is not heavy and at the same time it is
comparable to the international level. It emphasizes a coherent focus on important ideas within the
discipline that are properly sequenced to optimize learning. It recommends that theoretical component
of Higher Secondary Science should emphasize on problem solving methods and the awareness of
historical development of key concepts of science be judiciously integrated into content. The present
exercise of syllabus development in Chemistry at Higher Secondary Stage is based on this framework.
Salient features of the present syllabus are thus:
• Some background of Chemistry from secondary stage is assumed; however, no specific
knowledge of topics in Chemistry is pre-supposed.
• The course is self-contained and broadly covers fundamental concepts of Chemistry.
• Attempt has been made to see discipline of Chemistry does not remain only the science of
facts but becomes related to modern applications in the world around us.
• The syllabus provides logical sequencing of the ‘Units’ of the subject matter with proper
placement of concepts with their linkages for better understanding.
• Emphasis has been on promoting process – skills, problem solving abilities and applications
of concepts of Chemistry useful in real life situation for making learning of Chemistry more
relevant, meaningful and interesting.
• An effort has been made on the basis of feedback, to remove repetition besides reducing the
content by suitably integrating the different content areas.
• Practical syllabus has two components. There are core experiments to be undertaken by the
students in the classroom and will be part of examination while each student will carry out one
investigatory project and submit the report for the examination.
With this background, the Chemistry curriculum at the higher secondary stage attempts to
• promote understanding of basic principles in Chemistry while retaining the excitement in Chemistry;
• develop an interest in students to study Chemistry as discipline;
• strengthen the concepts developed at the secondary stage and to provide firm foundation for
further learning of Chemistry at tertiary level more effectively;
develop positive scientific attitude, and appreciate contribution of Chemistry towards the
improvement of quality of human life;
• develop problem solving skills and nurture curiosity, aesthetic sense and creativity;
• inculcate values of honesty, integrity, cooperation, concern for life and preservation of the environment;
• make the learner realise the interface of Chemistry with other disciplines of science such as
Physics, Biology, Geology, etc;
• equip students to face challenges related to health, nutrition, environment, population, whether
industries and agriculture.
Theory Total Periods 180
Unit I: Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry (Periods 14)
General Introduction: Importance and scope of chemistry.
Historical approach to particulate nature of matter, laws of chemical combination, Dalton’s atomic
theory: concept of elements, atoms and molecules.
Atomic and molecular masses. Mole concept and molar mass; percentage composition and empirical
and molecular formula; chemical reactions, stoichiometry and calculations based on stoichiometry.
Unit II: Structure of Atom (Periods 16)
Discovery of electron, proton and neutron; atomic number, isotopes and isobars. Thompson’s
model and its limitations, Rutherford’s model and its limitations, Bohr’s model and its limitations,
concept of shells and subshells, dual nature of matter and light, de Broglie’s relationship, Heisenberg
uncertainty principle, concept of orbitals, quantum numbers, shapes of s, p, and d orbitals, rules
for filling electrons in orbitals – Aufbau principle, Pauli exclusion principle and Hund’s rule,
electronic configuration of atoms, stability of half filled and completely filled orbitals.
Unit III: Classification of Elements and Periodicity in Properties (Periods 8)
Significance of classification, brief history of the development of periodic table,
modern periodic law and the present form of periodic table, periodic
trends in properties of elements – atomic radii, ionic radii,
inert gas radii, ionization enthalpy, electron gain enthalpy,
electronegativity, valence.
Unit IV: Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure
(Periods 16)
Valence electrons, ionic bond, covalent bond, bond parameters,
Lewis structure, polar character of covalent bond, covalent character
of ionic bond, valence bond theory, resonance, geometry of
covalent molecules, VSEPR theory, concept of hybridization
involving s, p and d orbitals and shapes of some simple molecules,
molecular orbital theory of homonuclear diatomic molecules (qualitative idea only),
hydrogen bond.
Unit V: States of Matter: Gases and Liquids (Periods 14)
Three states of matter, intermolecular interactions, type of bonding, melting and boiling points,
role of gas laws in elucidating the concept of the molecule, Boyle’s law, Charles’ law, Gay Lussac’s
law, Avogadro’s law, ideal behaviour, empirical derivation of gas equation, Avogadro’s number,
ideal gas equation, deviation from ideal behaviour, liquefaction of gases, critical temperature.
Liquid State – Vapour pressure, viscosity and surface tension (qualitative idea only, no
mathematical derivations).
Unit VI: Thermodynamics (Periods 16)
Concepts of system, types of systems, surroundings, work, heat, energy, extensive and intensive
properties, state functions.
First law of thermodynamics – internal energy and enthalpy, heat capacity and specific heat,
measurement of Δ U and Δ H, Hess’s law of constant heat summation, enthalpy of: bond dissociation,
combustion, formation, atomization, sublimation, phase transition, ionization, and dilution.
Introduction of entropy as a state function, free energy change for spontaneous and non-spontaneous
process, equilibrium.
Unit VII: Equilibrium (Periods 16)
Equilibrium in physical and chemical processes, dynamic nature of equilibrium, law of mass
action, equilibrium constant, factors affecting equilibrium – Le Chatelier’s principle; ionic
equilibrium – ionization of acids and bases, strong and weak electrolytes, degree of ionization,
concept of pH. Hydrolysis of salts (elementary idea), buffer solutions, solubility product, common
ion effect (with illustrative examples).
Unit VIII: Redox Reactions (Periods 6)
Concept of oxidation and reduction, redox reactions,
oxidation number, balancing redox reactions, applications
of redox reactions.
Unit IX: Hydrogen (Periods 8)
Position of hydrogen in periodic table, occurrence, isotopes, preparation, properties and uses of
hydrogen; hydrides – ionic, covalent and interstitial; physical and chemical properties of water,
heavy water; hydrogen peroxide – preparation, reactions and structure; hydrogen as a fuel.
Unit X: s-Block Elements (Alkali and Alkaline Earth Metals) (Periods 14)
Group 1 and Group 2 elements:
General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, anomalous properties of the first
element of each group, diagonal relationship, trends in the variation of properties (such as ionization
enthalpy, atomic and ionic radii), trends in chemical reactivity with oxygen, water, hydrogen and
halogens; uses.
Preparation and properties of some important compounds:
Sodium carbonate, sodium chloride, sodium hydroxide and sodium hydrogen carbonate, biological
importance of sodium and potassium.
CaO, CaCO 3 , and industrial use of lime and limestone, biological importance of Mg and Ca.
Unit XI: Some p-Block Elements (Periods 16)
General Introduction to p-Block Elements
Group 13 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, variation of properties,
oxidation states, trends in chemical reactivity, anomalous properties of first element of the group;
Boron – physical and chemical properties, some important compounds: borax, boric acids,
boron hydrides. Aluminium: uses, reactions with acids and alkalies.
Group 14 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, variation of
properties, oxidation states, trends in chemical reactivity, anomalous behaviour of first element.
Carbon – catenation, allotropic forms, physical and chemical properties; uses of some important
compounds: oxides.
Important compounds of silicon and a few uses: silicon tetrachloride , silicones, silicates and
Unit XII: Organic Chemistry – Some Basic Principles and Techniques (Periods 14)
General introduction, methods of purification, qualitative and quantitative analysis, classification
and IUPAC nomenclature of organic compounds.
Electronic displacements in a covalent bond: inductive effect, electromeric effect, resonance
and hyper conjugation.
Homolytic and heterolytic fission of a covalent bond: free radicals, carbocations, carbanions;
electrophiles and nucleophiles, types of organic reactions
Unit XIII: Hydrocarbons (Periods 16)
Classification of hydrocarbons
Alkanes: Nomenclature, isomerism, conformations (ethane only), physical properties, chemical
reactions including free radical mechanism of halogenation, combustion and pyrolysis.
Alkenes: Nomenclature, structure of double bond (ethene), geometrical isomerism, physical
properties, methods of preparation; chemical reactions: addition of hydrogen, halogen, water,
hydrogen halides (Markovnikov’s addition and peroxide effect), ozonolysis, oxidation, mechanism
of electrophilic addition.
Alkynes: Nomenclature, structure of triple bond (ethyne), physical properties, methods of
preparation, chemical reactions: acidic character of alkynes, addition reaction of – hydrogen,
halogens, hydrogen halides and water.
Aromatic hydrocarbons: Introduction, IUPAC nomenclature; Benzene: resonance, aromaticity;
chemical properties: mechanism of electrophilic substitution – nitration sulphonation, halogenation,
Friedel Craft’s alkylation and acylation; directive influence of functional group in mono-substituted
benzene; carcinogenicity and toxicity.
Unit XIV: Environmental Chemistry (Periods 6)
Environmental pollution : Air, water and soil pollution, chemical reactions in atmosphere, smogs,
major atmospheric pollutants; acid rain, ozone and its reactions, effects of depletion of ozone
layer, greenhouse effect and global warming – pollution due to industrial wastes; green chemistry
as an alternative tool for reducing pollution, strategy for control of environmental pollution.
Practicals Total Periods 60
Micro-chemical methods are available for several of the practical experiments. Wherever possible
such techniques should be used.
A. Basic Laboratory Techniques (Periods 2)
1. Cutting glass tube and glass rod
2. Bending a glass tube
3. Drawing out a glass jet
4. Boring a cork
B. Characterisation and Purification of Chemical Substance (Periods 6)
1. Determination of melting point of organic compound.
2. Determination of boiling point of organic compound.
3. Crystallization involving impure sample of any one of the following: Alum, Copper
sulphate, Benzoic acid.
C. Experiments Related to pH Change (Periods 6)
(a) Any one of the following experiments:
• Determination of pH of some solutions obtained from fruit juices, solutions of known
and varied concentrations of acids, bases and salts using pH paper or universal indicator.
• Comparing the pH of solutions of strong and weak acid of same concentration.
• Study the pH change in the titration of a strong acid with a strong base using universal
(b) Study of pH change by common-ion effect in case of weak acids and weak bases.
D. Chemical Equilibrium (Periods 4)
One of the following experiments:
(a) Study the shift in equilibrium between ferric ions and thiocynate ions by increasing/
decreasing the concentration of either ions.
(b) Study the shift in equilibrium between [Co (H 2 O)6 ]
and chloride ions by changing the
concentration of either of the ions.
E. Quantitative Estimation (Periods 16)
• Using a chemical balance.
• Preparation of standard solution of oxalic acid.
• Determination of strength of a given solution of sodium hydroxide by titrating it against
standard solution of oxalic acid.
• Preparation of standard solution of sodium carbonate.
• Determination of strength of a given solution of hydrochloric acid by titrating it against
standard sodium carbonate solution.
F. Qualitative Analysis (Periods 16)
Determination of one anion and one cation in a given salt
Cations – Pb 2+ , Cu 2+ , As 3+ , Al 3+ , Fe 3+ , Mn 2+ , Ni 2+ , Zn 2+ , Co 2+ , Ca 2+ , Sr 2+ , Ba 2+ ,
Mg 2+ , NH
Anions – CO
3 , S
, SO
3 , SO
4 , NO

2 , NO

3 , Cl

, Br

, I

, PO
4 , C2O

(Note : Insoluble salts excluded)
Project (Periods 10)
Scientific investigations involving laboratory testing and collecting information from other sources.
A few suggested projects
• Checking the bacterial contamination in drinking water by testing sulphide ions.
• Study of the methods of purification of water.
• Testing the hardness, presence of iron, fluoride, chloride etc. depending upon the regional
variation in drinking water and the study of causes of presences of these ions above
permissible limit (if any)
• Investigation of the foaming capacity of different washing soaps and the effect of addition of
sodium carbonate on them.
• Study of the acidity of different samples of the tea leaves.
• Determination of the rate of evaporation of different liquids.
• Study of the effect of acids and bases on the tensile strength of fibers.
• Analysis of fruit and vegetable juices for their acidity.
Note: Any other investigatory project, which involves about 10 periods of work, can be chosen
with the approval of the teacher.
Theory Total Periods 60
Unit I: Solid State (Periods 12)
Classification of solids based on different binding forces: molecular, ionic, covalent and metallic
solids, amorphous and crystalline solids (elementary idea), unit cell in two dimensional and three
dimensional lattices, calculation of density of unit cell, packing in solids, voids, number of atoms
per unit cell in a cubic unit cell, point defects, electrical and magnetic properties.
Unit II: Solutions (Periods 12)
Types of solutions, expression of concentration of solutions of solids in liquids, solubility of gases
in liquids, solid solutions, colligative properties – relative lowering of vapour pressure, elevation of
B.P., depression of freezing point, osmotic pressure, determination of molecular masses using
colligative properties, abnormal molecular mass.
Unit III: Electrochemistry (Periods 14)
Redox reactions; conductance in electrolytic solutions, specific and molar conductivity variations
of conductivity with concentration, Kohlrausch’s Law, electrolysis and laws of electrolysis
(elementary idea), dry cell – electrolytic cells and Galvanic cells; lead accumulator, EMF of a
cell, standard electrode potential, Nernst equation and its application to chemical cells, fuel
cells; corrosion.
Unit IV: Chemical Kinetics (Periods 12)
Rate of a reaction (average and instantaneous), factors affecting rates of reaction: concentration,
temperature, catalyst; order and molecularity of a reaction; rate law and specific rate constant,
integrated rate equations and half life (only for zero and first order reactions); concept of collision
theory (elementary idea, no mathematical treatment).
Unit V: Surface Chemistry (Periods 8)
Adsorption: Physisorption and chemisorption; factors affecting adsorption of gases on solids;
catalysis: homogenous and heterogeneous, activity and selectivity: enzyme catalysis; colloidal state:
distinction between true solutions, colloids and suspensions; lyophillic, lyophobic multimolecular
and macromolecular colloids; properties of colloids; Tyndall effect, Brownian movement,
electrophoresis, coagulation; emulsions – types of emulsions.
Unit VI: General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Elements (Periods 8)
Principles and methods of extraction: concentration, oxidation, reduction electrolytic method and
refining; occurrence and principles of extraction of aluminium, copper, zinc and iron.
Unit VII: p-Block Elements (Periods 14)
Group 15 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, oxidation states,
trends in physical and chemical properties; nitrogen – preparation, properties and uses; compounds
of nitrogen: preparation and properties of ammonia and nitric acid, oxides of nitrogen (structure
only); Phosphorous – allotropic forms; compounds of phosphorous: preparation and properties
of phosphine, halides (PCl 3 , PCl 5 ) and oxoacids (elementary idea only).
Group 16 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, oxidation states, occurrence,
trends in physical and chemical properties; dioxygen: preparation, properties and uses; simple
oxides; ozone. Sulphur – allotropic forms; compounds of sulphur: preparation, properties and
uses of sulphur dioxide; sulphuric acid: industrial process of manufacture, properties and uses,
oxoacids of sulphur (structures only).
Group 17 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, oxidation states, occurrence,
trends in physical and chemical properties; compounds of halogens: preparation, properties
and uses of chlorine and hydrochloric acid, interhalogen compounds, oxoacids of halogens
(structures only).
Group 18 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, trends in physical
and chemical properties, uses.
Unit VIII: d and f Block Elements (Period 14)
General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence and characteristics of transition metals,
general trends in properties of the first row transition metals – metallic character, ionization
enthalpy, oxidation states, ionic radii, colour, catalytic property, magnetic properties, interstitial
compounds, alloy formation. Preparation and properties of K 2 Cr 2 O 7 and KMnO4.
Lanthanoids: electronic configuration, oxidation states, chemical reactivity and lanthanoid
Actinoids: Electronic configuration, oxidation states.
Unit IX: Coordination Compounds (Period 12)
Coordination compounds: Introduction, ligands, coordination number, colour, magnetic properties
and shapes, IUPAC nomenclature of mononuclear coordination compounds, bonding;
isomerism, importance of coordination compounds (in qualitative analysis, extraction of
metals and biological systems).
Unit X: Haloalkanes and Haloarenes (Periods 12)
Haloalkanes: Nomenclature, nature of C-X bond, physical and chemical properties, mechanism
of substitution reactions.
Haloarenes: Nature of C-X bond, substitution reactions (directive influence of halogen for
monosubstituted compounds only).
Uses and environmental effects of – dichloromethane, trichloromethane, tetrochloromethane,
iodoform, freons, DDT.
Unit XI: Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers (Periods 12)
Alcohols: Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties (of primary
alcohols only); identification of primary, secondary and tertiary alcohols;
mechanism of dehydration, uses, some important compounds –
methanol and ethanol.
Phenols: Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and
chemical properties, acidic nature of phenol, electrophillic
substitution reactions, uses of phenols.
Ethers: Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical
and chemical properties, uses.
Unit XII: Aldehydes, Ketones
and Carboxylic Acids (Periods 12)
Aldehydes and Ketones: Nomenclature,
nature of carbonyl group, methods
of preparation, physical and chemical properties,
and mechanism of nucleophilic addition,
reactivity of alpha hydrogen in aldehydes; uses.
Carboxylic Acids : Nomenclature, acidic nature, methods of preparation,
physical and chemical properties; uses.
Unit XIII: Organic Compounds Containing Nitrogen (Periods 10)
Amines: Nomenclature, classification, structure, methods of preparation, physical and chemical
properties, uses, identification of primary secondary and tertiary amines.
Cyanides and Isocyanides will be mentioned at relevant places in context.
Diazonium salts: Preparation, chemical reactions and importance in synthetic organic chemistry.
Unit XIV: Biomolecules (Periods 12)
Carbohydrates: Classification (aldoses and ketoses), monosaccharides (glucose and fructose),
oligosaccharides (sucrose, lactose, maltose), polysaccharides (starch, cellulose, glycogen);
Proteins: Elementary idea of α - amino acids, peptide bond, polypeptides, proteins, primary
structure, secondary structure, tertiary structure and quaternary structure (qualitative idea only),
denaturation of proteins; enzymes.
Vitamins: Classification and functions.
Nucleic Acids: DNA and RNA .
Unit XV: Polymers (Periods 8)
Classification: Natural and synthetic, methods of polymerization (addition and condensation),
copolymerization. Some important polymers: natural and synthetic like polythene, nylon, polyesters,
bakelite, rubber.
Unit XVI: Chemistry in Everyday Life (Periods 8)
1. Chemicals in medicines – analgesics, tranquilizers, antiseptics, disinfectants, antimicrobials,
antifertility drugs, antibiotics, antacids, antihistamines.
2. Chemicals in food – preservatives, artificial sweetening agents.
3. Cleansing agents – soaps and detergents, cleansing action.
Practicals Total Periods 60
Microchemical methods are available for several of the practical experiments. Wherever possible
such techniques should be used.
Surface Chemistry (Periods 5)
(a) Preparation of one lyophilic and one lyophobic sol.
Lyophilic sol : starch, egg albumin and gum.
Lyophobic sol : aluminium hydroxide, ferric hydroxide, arsenious sulphide.
(b) Dialysis of sol prepared in (a) above.
(c) Study of the role of emulsifying agent in stabilizing the emulsions of different oils.
B. Chemical Kinetics (Periods 4)
(a) Effect of concentration and temperature on the rate of reaction between sodium
thiosulphate and hydrochloric acid.
(b) Study of reaction rates of any one of the following:
(i) Reaction of iodide ion with hydrogen peroxide at room temperature using different
concentration of iodide ions.
(ii) Reaction between potassium iodate (KIO 3 ) and sodium sulphite (Na 2 SO 3 ) using
starch solution as indicator (clock reaction).
C. Thermochemistry (Periods 4)
Any one of the following experiments:
(a) Enthalpy of dissolution of copper sulphate or potassium nitrate.
(b) Enthalpy of neutralization of strong acid (HCl) and strong base (NaOH).
(c) Determination of enthalpy change during interaction (Hydrogen bond formation) between
acetone and chloroform.
D. Electrochemistry (Periods 2)
Variation of cell potential in Zn/Zn 2+ //Cu 2+ /Cu with change in concentration of electrolytes
(CuSO 4 or ZnSO 4 ) at room temperature.
E. Chromatography (Periods 2)
(a) Separation of pigments from extracts of leaves and flowers by paper chromatography
and determination of R f values.
(b) Separation of constituents present in an inorganic mixture containing two cations only
(constituents having wide difference in R f values to be provided).
F. Preparation of Inorganic Compounds (Periods 4)
(a) Preparation of double salt of ferrous ammonium sulphate or potash alum.
(b) Preparation of potassium ferric oxalate.
G. Preparation of Organic Compounds (Periods 2)
Preparation of any one of the following compounds:
(a) Acetanilide
(b) Di-benzal acetone
(c) p-Nitroacetanilide.
(d) Aniline yellow or 2-Napththol aniline dye.
H. Test for the Functional Groups Present in Organic Compounds (Periods 5)
Unsaturation, alcoholic, phenolic, aldehydic, ketonic, carboxylic and amino (primary) groups.
I. Study of Carbohydrates, Fats and Proteins in Pure Form and Detection of their
Presence in given Food Stuffs (Periods 4)
J. Determination of Concentration/Molarity of KMnO 4 Solution by Titrating it
against a Standard Solution of (Periods 8)
(a) Oxalic acid
(b) Ferrous ammonium sulphate
(Students will be required to prepare standard solutions by weighing themselves).
K. Qualitative Analysis (Periods 10)
Determination of one anion and one cation in a given salt.
Cations – Pb 2+ , Cu 2+ , As 3+ , Al 3+ , Fe 3+ , Mn 2+ , Ni 2+ , Zn 2+ , Co 2+ , Ca 2+ , Sr 2+ , Ba 2+ ,
Mg 2+ , NH
Anions – CO
3 , S
, SO
3 , SO
4 , NO

2 , NO

3 , Cl

, Br

, I

, PO
4 , C2 O

(Note : Insoluble salts excluded)
Project (Periods 10)
Scientific investigations involving laboratory testing and collecting information from other sources.
A few suggested projects
• Study of presence of oxalate ions in guava fruit at different stages of ripening.
• Study of quantity of casein present in different samples of milk.
• Preparation of soybean milk and its comparison with the natural milk with respect to curd
formation, effect of temperature, etc.
• Study of the effect of potassium bisulphate as food preservative under various conditions
(temperature, concentration, time etc.)
• Study of digestion of starch by salivary amylase and effect of pH and temperature on it.
• Comparative study of the rate of fermentation of following materials: wheat flour, gram
flour, potato juice, carrot juice etc.
• Extraction of essential oils present in Saunf (aniseed), Ajwain (carum), Illaichi (cardamom).
• Study of common food adulterants in fat, oil, butter, sugar, turmeric powder, chilli powder
and pepper.
Note: Any other investigatory project, which involves about 10 periods of work, can be chosen
with the approval of the teacher.

Number of Principals

Sl.No Name of School Name of Principal Telephone Numbers
Office Residence Mobile
1 GVHSS (Boys), Chittur MARY PRAJA.M.R 04923 222540
2 GTHS & VHSS Chittur MOHANDAS.P 04923 222174 9447073017
3 GVHSS Vattenad T.RAMACHANDRAN 0466 2370084 0466 2277050 9446815684
4 GTHS & VHSS Shornur MUHAMMED SALIM.K 0466 2222197 0466 2380622 9446148369
5 GVHSS Alanallur P.VIDYADHARAN 04924 262320 04924 262981 9447942956
6 GVHSS Cherpulassery V.GOVINDADAS 0466 2282667 0466 2207440 9446017440
7 GVHSS Pathiripala A.SREEDEVI 0491 2872460 0491 2840256 94959802560
8 GVHSS Koonathara SEETHALAKSHMI 0466 2227353 0466 2221746 9446237433
9 GTHS Palakkad P.N.VISAMBARAN 04912 572038 0491 2846441 9447536227
10 GVHSS Kanjikode THANKAMANI.M.P 0491 2566205 9446338253
11 GVHSS Malampuzha PADMAKUMARI.A 0491 2815243 0491 2577012 9495396413
12 GVHSS Agali T.G.NAYOMI 04924 254175 9495094528
13 GTVHSS Puthoor, Attappady K.A.SULAIMAN 04924 209399 04924 651644 9495858001
14 GVHSS Karakurissi V.ABDUL RAHIMAN 04924 249041 04924 244664 9847720970
15 GVHSS Koppam RUGMA BHAI.A.S 0466 2265333 0466 2246944 9495086122
16 GVHSS(Girls) Nenmara N.PARAMESWARANKUTTY 04923 243230 04923 243462 9447248665
17 GSMVHSS Thattamangalam K.BHARATHY 0466 227036 0466 2224698 9847640290
18 NSSKPTVHSS Ottappalam A.NIRMALA 0466 2244232 0466 2230432 9495036367
19 GMVHSS Thiruvalathur M.B.NARAYANAN NAIR 0491 2574115 0491 2106489 9495356099
20 CFDVHSS Mathur P.R.RADHAMANY 04922 214032 04912 508222 9495708696
21 MVHSS Pudunagaram N.NARAYANANKUTTY 04923 252557 04923 242454
22 SVVHSS Eruthenpathy M.N.MURALEEDHARAN NAIR 04923 2363887 04923 282478 9447580130
23 SFXVHSS Parassikkal Sr.ALPHONSA 04923 235656 04923 235710 NIL
24 KPSMVHSS Varode MEENAKUMARI.C.K 0466 2249013 0466 2104445 9447840076
25 KMPBVHSS Tavanur V.M.THAMI 0494 2687899 9946504688
26 GTHS & VHSS Manjeri C.M.ABDURAHIMAN 0483 2766185 9494530301
27 GRFTVHSS Tanur SNEHALATHA.P 0494 2443721 0494 2441873 9895895011
28 GVHSS Chelari P.D.MANIYAPPAN 0494 2400364 0494 2584670 9446247498
29 GVHSS(Girls) Vengara YAKOBKUTTY.V.S 0494 2451677 9946654253
30 GVHSS Kondotty P.S.SYAMALADEVI 0483 2711820 0483 2769739 NIL
31 GMVHSS Nilambur M.T.JAMES 0493 223140 04931 275676 9446227925
32 GVHSS(Girls) Perinthalmanna K.ARAVINDAKSHAN 04933 221171 04933 239680 9995689111
33 GVHSS Mankada SARALA.M 04933 239050 04933 239066 9447048020
34 GVHSS(Girls) Tirur NALINAKUMARI.O 04942422140 0494 2421166 9447838488
35 GVHSS Kalpakanchery C.T.BALABHASKARAN 0494 2547069 9446246582
36 GVHSS Mampad CHINNAMMA THOMAS 04931 221085 04931 221657 9495740791
37 GVHSS Paravanna VELAYUDHAN.A.V 0494 2630234 0494 2578518 9447838510
38 GVHSS Makkaraparamba KUNHUMOHAMED.N.K 04933 283060 04933 281908 9446246188
39 GVHSS Chettiyankinar A.P.SUDEVAN 0494 2495653 0495 2565554 9446395388
40 GVHSS Pullanur ANANDAVALLY AMMAL.P.V 0483 2773925 0494 2682232 9846202783
41 GVHSS Keezhuparamba RAMACHANDRAN.V.K 0483 2858202 0483 2844866 9446249088
42 SHMGVHSS Edavanna E.RAMLATH 0495 2811077 9249962942
43 GVHSS Omanoor JAYALAKSHMI.K 0483 2725877 0483 2713415
44 GVHSS Arimbra ABOOBACKER.N 0483 2773360 9995015063
45 GVHSS Nellikuth, Manjeri K.NARAYANAN EMBRANTHIRI 0483 2865080 0483 2784204 9495531439
46 GVHSS(Girls), Wandoor E.KUMARI 0493 1247670 0493 1247606 9447832937
47 GVHSS Vengara K.ASSAN 0494 2450434 0494 2452110 9446032110
48 BYKVHSS Valavannur K.O.DEVESYA 0494 2546031 0482 262320 9446880986
49 PMSAVHSS Chappanangadi M.K.KRISHNA KUMAR 0483 2708266 0483 2733425 9447216388
50 SVVHSS PALEMAD A.K.BABY 04931 275381 04931 231824 9447536227


List and Addresses of Area wise Officers
1. The Assistant Director, VHSE Regional Office, Kadappakada, Kollam
2. The Assistant Director, VHSE Regional Office, Chengannur

(Near Govt. Girls VHSS Chengannur).
3. The Assistant Director, VHSE Regional Office, Toll Gate, Edapally, Ernakulam
4. The Assistant Director, VHSE Regional Office, Mini Civil Station, Chembukkavu, Thrissur
5. The Assistant Director, VHSE Regional Office, Kuttippuram, Malappuram
6. The Assistant Director, VHSE Regional Office, Near Mini Civil Station, Vadakara
7. The Assistant Director, VHSE Regional Office, Payyannur, Kannur
Name, Address, Telephone No. E-mail etc. of important authorities.
Mohan Abraham
Directorate of Vocational Higher Secondary Education
Housing Board Building, 4th Floor
Santhi Nagar, Thiruvananthapuram – 1
Tel. No. 2325318 (off)
2325323 (off)
9447739752 (M)

Designation / Section Name Phone No.
Res./ Mobile Office Extension
Deputy Director Curriculum) V. Levakumar 9447419452 04712325318 23
Deputy Director(General) M.O.Pushpendran 9446461713 04712325318 24
Administrative Officer P. Regi Varghese
9446554725 04712325318 26
Assistant Director (Curriculum) Mini. E. R 9446741707 04712325318
Finance Officer K. Thrivikraman Potti 9447587234 04712325318 25
Account Officer (Audit) T. S. Thilakan 9961357787 04712325318 29
Account Officer (PF) P. Jainamma 9446016245 04712325318 33
Nodal Officer P. K. Sankaran Kutty 04712325318 27
Research Assistant Suhara Banu K. P 9495966393 04712325318 47
Senior Superintendent S. Sreedharan Nair 9447889991 04712325318 48
Fair copy Superintendent FC Nirmala 954742729543 04712325318 31
Superintendent PF Nandakumar 9447279321 04712325318 34
Junior Superintendent C S. Lekshmana Iyyer 2453478 04712325318
Head Accountant A1 Joseph K. X 04712325318 39
Head Clark PF Chithra O. S 9446283683 04712325318 32
UDC (HG) E1 Prameela S. K 9447495932 04712325318 42
UDC (HS) B1 Bhasi 9446023469 04712325318 40
UDC (HG) APF Esakkimuthu 9447892592 04712325318 45
UDC (HG) E4 Sreekumar. S 04651-322966 04712325318 43
UDC D2 Sree Renjan 9446396298 04712325318 46
UDC E6 Anitha 9349472661 04712325318 43
LDC (HG) C4 Treesa 9447556868 04712325318 41
LDC (HG) C3 Suma Devi 9446458070 04712325318 41
LDC C1 Sreeprasad 9846171032 04712325318 40
UDC (HG) F2 Rajeev Thomas 9446474422 04712325318 45
LDC F1 Ajayaghosh 9446183015 04712325318 45
UDC (HG) E2 Rajan 9446355482 04712325318 44
UDC (HG) C2 Balagopal 9447379300 04712325318 40
LDC B2 Suresh Kumar T 9447751037 04712325318 41
UDC A2 Sheela 944634702 04712325318 39
UDC E5 & E3 Lekha Chandrasekhar 9446076372 04712325318 42
UDC APF Sebastian Perara 9446079859 04712325318 45
CA CA Gerard Majella Jakson 9447183647 04712325318 22
UDC D1, PF Asok Kumar C 9495408645 04712325318 46
LD EL Karthikeyan 2492516 04712325318 44
APF Sarath. S 9349061988 04712325318
Computer Operator PF Maya D Nair 2340858 04712325318 46
Computer Operator CG Mansoor 9847569029 04712325318 27
Driver C. Krishnankutty 9349935330 04712325318
Driver Deepu 9895305982 04712325318
Peon Savithri 9446496648 04712325318 31
Peon Hari. A 9446559764 04712325318
Peon Larance 3267092 04712325318
Peon Krishnankutty 9846558423 04712325318
Night Watchman Antony J. P 9446210582 04712325318
Peon Madhusudhanan C. T 9495568877 04712325318 20
Designation / Section Name Phone No.
Residence/ Mobile Office Exten.
Secretary Betty Cherian 9447402028 2324015 36
Technical Officer Kurian A John 0471-2524020 2324015 37
Senior Superintendent A. Nizerudeen 9446175619 2324015
UDC (HG) Sumanam 9995253349 2324015 38
LDC Dwijesh 9387268802 2324015
Typist Shylaja 9446384969 2324015
LDC Santhosh G. R 9446181638 2324015
UDC (HG) Rajan R 9446060010 2324015
Computer Operator (WA) Rajan K 9947465410 2324015
Data Entry Operator Sheeba 9895814145 2324015
Peon Ramesh. V. S 0472-2814345 2324015
Peon Sudhan 2406711 2324015
Designation Name Phone Number
Mobile/ Residence Office
NSS Programme Co-ordinator S. Sreedharan Nair 9447889991 04712321879
Office Superintendent B. Sasikumar 04712321879
Computer Operator Brahmadas R. I 9387813372 04712321879
Region Name of Assistant Directors Res./ Mobile Office Email Address
Kollam Sheeba S. 9446047377 0474 -2749420
Chengannur T.V. Anil Kumar 9447104088 0479 – 2455901
Ernakulam Dr. Leena Ravidas 9447668708 0484 – 2555767
Thrissur Geetha T.K. 9895240670 0487 – 2332587
Kuttippuram Liji Joseph 9446091378 0494 – 2608083
Vadakara T.H.Vijayaraghavan 9846051355 0496 – 2524911
Payyannur Ajith K 9447166063 0498 – 2504480

Minutes of the Video Conference at Gorkhi Bhavan

Minutes of the Video Conference at Gorkhi Bhavan, Thiruvananthapuram at 3 pm

The Principals of GVHSS Kottukal, Vattiyoorkavu and Karakulam participated in the Video Conference as an introductory speech the Director instructed to prepare a plan of action for remedial coaching in order to achieve 80% results and be present in the entire session.
The Director also told that 1st instalment for remedial coaching
@ Rs. 12,500/- was released to all 62 schools and the balance will be released on submission of the detailed action plan, and star line of the programme in principle. Necessary academic support will be given by the Assistant Director concerned.
Alappuzha Centre
Director instructed Sri. Anil kumar, AD, Chengannur to narrate the action plan. The 2 schools were participated in the Alappuzha Centre - He told that 1 day workshop already conducted.
Necessary steps have already been taken for the implementation of Remedial Coaching in the schools below 50% results.
The Director appreciated the initiative taken by him. Assistant Director Chengannur requested to issue necessary guidelines for the expenditure and re-allotment issued to schools.
Director replied that we should assess what the student achieved, what is weakness of the student. There should be no hard and fast rule – Periodical Evaluation should be there. It should be documented Assistant Director should propose the guideline of expenditure, Honorarium to teachers, academician to boost up the energy. Everything should be decentralized and the action plan should came from the grass root level. Director permitted to procure interact CD, Multimedia, Purchase of consumables etc.
Those schools who are urgent need of consumable may inform the gave to the undersigned in personal cover.

ETC – Kasaragod District
It is informed that the students are coming from remote village areas. Hence, they should be uplifted from 37% to 80% and above by clearly checking out daily plan, weekly plan and yearly plan and also forms care group consists of experts and conduction unit test.
ETC – Kottarakkara
Assistant Director Kollam and others participated. Kollam Region is having the highest number of schools below 50%. Total no comes to 25 schools. Assistant Director narrated the various steps. The Principal School alleged that their poor result in Maths & English was due to defects with paper valuation. Director instructed the Secretary, Exam to take the answer scripts and report what happened.
Principal, Thadicad told that they are encouraging the students coming from the weaker sections of the society. Subjects GFC, Eng are major issues to the students.

The participants agreed to the action taken by the Assistant Director Concerned. They only doubt was about mid term exam. Director clarified it.

ETC-Kottayam District
The principal of Kumarakom, Kothala was present. They told that the subject English shares very poor results.
ETC-Kozhikkode and Wayanad
Assistant Director, Vadakara informed that steps have already been taken. Dir instructed him to visit all the schools under Payyannur region and submit report before October to the undersigned.
Director instructed the Principal, THS Sultanbathery to prepare an action plan and submit urgently to DVHSE and also to report the cause of long absence by the Maths Teacher for taking necessary action.
The Principal, GVHSS Kanjikkode enquired whether the 1st year student may also be included in the remedial coaching. Director agreed the same in principle.
Director concluded the Video Conference directing all Assistant Directors to prepare proposals and suggestion of the following points:
1. Vocational Survey – to be completed in 10/08 – entrusted to Assistant Director, Thrissur
2. Data Base at school level.
3. Mid Term Exam
4. PTC
5. OJT – Identifying OJT Centres and Indicators to be fixed
6. Expo - 2009
7. Budget 2009-10 (PLAN and NON PLAN)
8. 1st year Exam (Public Exam)
9. Net working IT @ School - To forward the expert panel
10. New Schools - How to conduct practical.
11. XII FC – Tender Excess it should be borne by District Panchayath.
12. XIII FC – Web site
Introduction of VHSE – 1st Generation.
13. Employability and Enhancement – 2nd Generation.
14. CG & CC
15. Induction Programme of newly recruited teachers.
16. Research Wing.
17. Vocational Education at College level. Vocational Teachers to be engaged.
18. Question paper setting
19. Seminar and Symposium
20. Non-formal education
From the above discussion, it is informed by the Director to call a meeting of subject wise teachers in 3 Regional Centres Thiruvananthapuram, Ernakulam and Kozhikkode in which subjects there were poor results.



ON 6TH JUNE 2008

The following diginitories were present on the dais

Shri. Mohan Abraham, Director, VHSE
Shri. M. O. Pushpendran, Deputy Director, VHSE
Shri. V. Levakumar, Former Deputy Director (C), VHSE
Shri. P. Reji Varghese, Administrative Officer, VHSE
Shri. T. S. Thilakan, Accounts Officer(Audit), DVHSE
Smt. P. Jainamma, Accounts Officer (PF), DVHSE
Smt. Liji Joseph, Assistant Director, ROVHSE, Kuttippuram
Smt. Leena Ravidas, Assistant Director, ROVHSE, Ernakulam
Smt. T. K. Geetha, Assistant Director, ROVHSE, Thrissur
Shri. Fazil E, NSS Programme Co-ordinator, NSS VHSE
Shri. Kurian A John, Technical Officer, Exam wing, VHSE
Smt. Suhara Banu K. P, Research Assistant, DVHSE
Shri. P.K. Sankaran Kutty, Nodal Officer, Career Guidance, DVHSE
Shri. S. Sreedharan Nair, Senior Superintendent, DVHSE

The meeting started at 10.15 am with a prayer.

Welcome Speech was made by Smt. T. K. Geetha, Assistant Director, VHSE Regional Officer, Thrissur. The keynote address was made by Shri. Mohan Abraham, Director, VHSE. He said that we have better results this year.

Principals should take necessary steps for formation of plan for the new accademic year. We have permanent teachers for all subjects in all schools. The newly inducted teachers should be given training regarding the new grading scheme of education. This shall be arranged by Principals with the help of senior, experienced teachers.

An academic core group should be formed in all schools using the service of resourceful persons of the locality.

The proces of arriving at formation of a product is important. The Principals should take a leading role in imparting the right kind of training to students.

PTCs, OJTs and recruitment programmes should be given importance. PTCs should function effectively. The guidelines are being formulated by the Department. The Planning Board has given sanction for mobile sales units. The Department has involvement in the selection of Training Centres for OJT. Principals should take special interest in arranging effective training.

Alls registers and documents should be neatly maintained in all Schools. They shall be produced for inspection at any time.

Academic Inspection will be conducted with the help of Acedemecians.

Career Guidance and Councelling Centres should function properly. The Department has close monitoring regarding this. Shri. P. K. Sankaran Kutty is functioning as the Nodal Officer. The role of GFC teachers will be specified.

The performance of schools with below 30% of results is not satisfactory. The faults should be found out and rectified.

The Department will have a friendly approach to all officers. But everybody should have commitment to the Department and Society.

Our is a vocational system of education. We are conducting studies regarding the relation of Non vocational subjects to vocational subjects.

Source Books of all subjects have been made available in the Department website. Those who do not have the Source Books in their schools, can dowload from the VHSE website

Utilisation of funds of MGP scheme should be completed effectely. Principals should take necessary steps in this.

We have a full time NSS Programme Co-ordinator now. He is doing his work well.
Let us have a fruitfull academic year. Necessary funds will be made available for purchase. Principals will make necessary steps for this.

Shri. Mohan Abraham, Director conclued his speech at 11 am.

The next speech was delivered by Shri. M.O. Pushpendran, Deputy Director General. He made the following comments.

Necessary training has been given to teachers during vacation.

Application form and prospectus have been issues to schools. If there should be any change in dates, for submission of application, publication of rank lists, interview and beginning of classes that should be suggested here.

A survery is proposed to be conducted. Smt. T. K Geetha, Assistant Director, Thrissur is in charge of this survey. A team will visit all schools for the survey. Necessary documents should be prepared by each school. All staff should be present on the day of the visit of the survey. All help should be given to the survey team.

Write-ups have been prepared for all vactional subjects. This should be circulated. Sugestion, if any shall be intimated to the Directorate.

Suggestions for curriculum revision shall be entertained by the Department. The department has planned a number of training programmes for all classes of officers. Shri. Pushpendran, DDG concluded his speech at 11.10 am.

Shri. Regi Varghese, AO made his speech followed by Shri. M. O. Pushpendran.

Principals should give answers to queries regarding Right to Information.

He congratulated all staff for their contribution to this year’s good result. He completed his speech at 11.15 am.

Mementos to the following Retired Principals were distributed by the Director.

1. Shri. Ousephunny, Govt Girls VHS School, Irinjalakkuda
2. Smt. Rosy, Govt. VHSS, Ollur
3. Smt. Nirmala Devi, SSM VHS School, Edakkazhiyur
4. Smt. Sreedevi, Govt. VHSS, Thrissur
5. Smt. Koumudi, Govt. VHSS, Cherpu
6. Smt. Kochu, Govt. VHSS, Wadakkanchery
7. Shri. Raju, THS & VHSS, Thrissur
8. Smt. Margretha, Govt. VHSS, Thiruvillwamala
9. Smt. Karthu, Govt. VHSS, Ramavarmapuram
10. Shri. Baby, Govt. VHSS, Moolamattom
11. Smt. Baby, MASM VHSS, Venmanad
12. Shri. Gopalakrishnan, Vocational Teacher, MASM VHSS, Venmanad
13. Smt. Princy, Govt. VHSS, Thalikulam (not present)

Career Guidance & Counselling Cell Awards were given to the following Schools of Thrissur Region.

1) Sarvodayam VHS School, Aryampadam
2) SNDP VHS School, Admimaly

Following this, releasing of e-mail ID of schools of Thrissur Region was made by the Director, VHSE, Trivandrum. On this occation he said that the networking of all VHS Schools of Kerala will be done within two months.

Sri. Tilakan, Accounts Officer stated his speech at 11.45 am. He made the following remarks.

The limit to local puchase is Rs.500/- AS & PS should be obtained for purchases for more than Rs.500/-

Cash book should be attested everyday with full signature below and initials at every entry.

CD Register should be maintained properly with necessary entries against accounts of each student. After 2 years of completion of course of a student, the CD should be remitted in revenue head.

Smt. Jainamma, Accaounts Officer (PF) briefed on PF.

Smt. Suhra Banu, Research Assistant made the following remarks. A proposal for selection of model schools is on. Modules are being prepared for behavioral aspects of students in VHS Schools.

Fazil E, NSS Co-ordinator made his speech followed by the Reseach Assistant.

The meeting of Programme Officers was called on the direction of the Director, with a view to strengthen the performance of NSS Programme Officers. Social commitment is an inevetive part of the functioning of NSS. It aims at personality development of students. He cited an example of performance of NSS Volunteers in a school in Alappuzha District, where they could help in improvement of the results of that school.

The NSS Cell has formed certain programmes to strengthen NSS activities in all schools. School Level Advisroy Committees should be formed and function properly. We should make ‘Ente Maram’ programme our programme.

Shri. Sreedharan Nair, Senior Superintendent made the following remarks.

PSC postings are being done systematically. Ids of PSC appointed hands should be kept at school. NJDs with Ids should be sent on the next day of the last date fixed for joining. Joining reports also should be forwarded immediately.

SBs of of Non Gazetted Officers should be sent to the Directorate for declaration of probation with Conduct Certificate from schools they have worked.

LWA up to 3 months shall be sanctioned by principals. Leave will come to effect only after sanctioning of the same. Application for leave shall be submitted one month in advance.

He gave information regarding appointments in Aided Schools.

Kurian A John, Technical Officer briefed on the VHS Examinations.

He said that the honouring of Rtd. Principals was very apt.

The students should benefit with the intenvention of the principals. Care should be taken in registering students for examinations. There were faults in uploading of data. QPR should be prepared with atmost care. Negligence in checking register numbers in answer script should be avoided.

Shri. V. Levakumar, Rt. Deputy Director, Curricullum, now working in National Institute of Open Schooling made his speech.

Teachers should always innovate their knowledge and transfer such ideas to students. The main objective of Vocational Education is to achieve skill completency. We should critically evaluate whether that is happening now.

Vocational Education is given great prominence now a days. Vocational factor is added from the level of 8th standared onwards. Principals and academic heads work hand in hand. The school should have a good plan for their functioning. The planning shall be made incorporating the help of all Community including teachers, parents, local bodies, experts etc.

The possibilities of Electronics media shall be incorporated in Education. The VHSE has good results this years, still that shall be improved further.

Shri. Sankarankutty, Nodal Officer, Career Guidance and Councelling Cell.

The reports from VHS Schools come properly.

The activities have improved. Cash Awards have been implemented for the best school in each district. The career master can solve issues with children or he can direct them to proper persons for consolation.

Report of Career Guidance activities shall be sent to Regional Officers and Directorate in time. Funds will be alloted for the activities of the cell.

Lakshmana Iyer, Junior Superintendent said that ifelectricity charges and water charges are not met by local bodies, a certificate to that effect shall be sent to the Directorate. In such cases the amount will be sanctioned by the Department.

There is monthly ceiling for TA.

Smt. Liji AD Kuttippuram made her speech.


Smt. Meenakshi, SM VHS School, Thathamangalam requested for facilities of language lab & Library.

The Director said that the first thing is to improve the competency of English teachers. Language lab facilities are available in colleges. We can make use of that also. The department is taking necessary steps.

A masterplan is being prepared for issue of library books.

Govt. VHS School (THS) Palakkad rquested for two courses at the insistance of the PTA but five courses were sanctioned. Facilities are lacking.

Director: Rupees 1.98 crore has been sanctioned for arranging facilities in newly started courses. The school will also get the funds. The school can decide on the number of courses.

Unnikrishnan, Principal, RM VHS School, Perinjanam:
There are problems in Continous Evaluation at the Secondary Level. The same may not be repeated at VHSE level. He was pointing out on the award of Continous Evaluation marks to students.

Director: Award of Continous Evaluation marks has not influenced this year’s results. Continous Evaluation marks are given by teachers. The instiution has the responsibility of awarding of continuous Evaluation maks. Nobody compelled anybody to give such marks. Let us positively, critically evaluate this.

Academic Govt. VHS School, Vattanad

We have good results. Continous Evaluation marks have been given to deserving candidates only. Salaries of teachers of new courses have not been paid so far. Earned Leave Surrender is not sanctioned.

Director: The salaries will be disbursed with retrospective effect. Steps have been taken for the same. Earned Leave Surrender will be sanctioned. Assistant Directors will give necessary Support.

Principal, THS & VHS School, Palakkad.

Downloading of source book – such facilities are not available. LCD projecter not provided.

There are constraints of financial resources. Still our Regional Offices have LCDs and Laptop. The department is ready for giving infrastructure facilities. But the schools should come forward with requests. Braoadband connectivety will be provided to all schools.

Mohandas, Principal, VHS & THS Chittoor

Issue of Application forms after the beginning of classes. This has a demoralizing effect. So this should be stopped.

Students will be attracted to VHSE if we provide good coaching. Issue of applications after the beginning of classes will in no way affect demand for VHSE. We are going to restructure VHS Courses. Workshops are planned to be conducted with this in view. By December the process will be completed. We are going to give more importance to te practical side of VHSE courses.

Principal in charge, SV VHS School, Eruthenpathy, Palakkad

Delay in communication from Department, whether Financial Aids will be given to aided school PTCs, No TA provided for conference.

Director: Funds will be provided to Aided PTCs. But the amount should be remitted back after two years. The decision will be carried out soon.

Teacher, GVHSS, Kunnamkulam

Lack of infrastructure, computers not functioning, no facility for library.

Amount has been sanctioned to Career Guidance and Councelling Cell. Rs.2000/- has been given. This can been used for newspapers and other publications.

Principal, Mar Basil VHSS, Senapathy

Withdrawal of Deploma equavalency to VHS students, whether Computer Training is necessary to principals.

Certain changes have to be made in Apprenticeship training. Then only we can think about this. We are providing training facilities. Principals may make use of that.

Principal, Govt VHSS, Thalikkulam

Building construction, soil testing is needed. PTA president says that Rs.30,000/- is needed.

Funds have been sanctioned for construction under XIIth finance Commission Plan for soil testing . If it is a different fund, the Principal is asked to contact the Director.

Teacher, GVHSS, Thodupuzha
PH Regularised hands, Non Vocational Teachers have not been given gazetted rank.

The issue will be solved

Smt.Leena Ravidas, Assistant Director, VHSE Regional Office, Ernakulam proposed vote of thanks.

The meeting was concluded at 2.30 pm




Vocational education in Plus two level was started in the state during the Academic Year 1983-84. At present Vocational Higher Secondary Course is being offered in 389 schools spread across seven Regions in the State with the Directorate of Vocational Education located in Thiruvananthapuram. There are 42 different courses in nine distinct stream, viz Engineering & Technology Agriculture, Animal Husbandry, Fisheries, Para Medical Courses Physical Education, Home Science, Humanities and commerce. These Vocational subjects are covered in Part II and Part I includes of English and General Foundation Course. The students of VHSE can also opt for Part III which is purely optional and not a necessity to he eligible for VHS trade certificate. But almost all the students opt for part III which is being offered in four different groups as detailed below.

Group A - Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry
Group B - Biology, Physics, Chemistry
Group C - History, Geography, Economics
Group D - Business studies, Accountancy and Management.

Reasons for requirement of on site support in VHSE
1. In general the students join for VHSE course are of compromised academic brilliance. This with curriculum load add to their woes. Hence this system of education require special care and attention. In order to achieve this objective regular monitoring mechanism of teaching activities is a must.
2. There are 261 schools in Government sector and 128 schools in aided sector.. The special rules for recruitment of staff in the Department was promulgated only in 2004. Hence only after 2004, it was possible for the Department to initiate activities for the recruitment of staff in the Government schools. Appointments in various teaching and non teaching posts has started only during the academic year 2007-2008. Even though young energetic and fresh hands has joined the department, there are hardly any experienced hands to lead and expose them in the indicates of teaching learning process in the schools where they join. This also call for a definite and solid support system for these newly recruited teachers.
3. Sense of Achievement is a key factor for the positive development of any profession, and achievements are always relative. Thus a proper opportunity shall be given to the teachers to compare and evaluate themselves with other teachers/ their previous level of achievements in teaching skills which could be consolidated by the appreciation of experts in the field. Hence a viable and satisfactory self evaluation strategy is to be developed with the help of experts in site.

Nuts and Bolts of support system

The above mentioned reasons made the Department to think about an outside support system for the support of Vocational Education in schools. Thus the Department proposes for an “In site Monitoring, support and Self Evaluation (IMSS) help and self Evaluation system to be installed to achieve the objectives of VHSE System for the hemifit of all the stake holders of Vocational Education in Kerala.

The IMSS shall the comprised of eminent teachers of subjects who has proved their competency in the concerned field, (since almost all teachers in the Department are young and the most experienced is 10-15 years we will have to look for retired/ teachers from other sections) experienced and competent tradesmen representations from Industry/Service section. (Public /Private). The tradesmen and representation form Industry/ Service sector can be helpful in the development of skill competency in students and to suggest various different and improved approaches that can be adopted to attain skills in latest technology, so also suggest modifications in Laboratory environment.

The installation of IMSS in the Department will not only improve the quality and self confidence of the teachers, but also improve the infrastructure and modify the approaches for skill development in students. The system will, also improve linkages with the industry/ service sector which in turn will improve the prospects for employment to VHS Trade certificate holders, and the Department in achieving its vision and Mission.